N.I.E AND WHO NEEDS IT !
The NIE is a Spanish tax identification number assigned by the Spanish authorities to any foreigner. The number is unique and personal and is used as a way of tracking an individual’s financial and official activities in Spain. It is a legal requirement for all resident and non-resident foreigners with financial, professional or social affairs in Spain, regardless of whether they are EU citizens or from a non-EU country. The NIE is the equivalent of a Spaniard’s NIF, which serves as a fiscal identification number. The CIF number is equivalent to the NIF, but it applies to companies rather than individuals. The NIE is essential for any fiscal transactions in Spain where money is paid to the Spanish Inland Revenue office. The NIE should be quoted in all dealings with the tax authorities. The number appears on all documents issued in Spain and usually starts with an ‘X,Y Or Z’ followed by seven numbers and a letter. The number is non-transferable and it does not expire.
Certified documentation stating the reasons for applying for the NIE may be required. This can be a personal statement, or a letter from a future employer, bank manager, accountant or notary etc.
Note: In some parts of Spain (including Costa Blanca) the application should be made at the office in question where the forms used are auto-carbonated copies. However, in other areas the printable form EX-15 is accepted. Some areas like Barcelona also require an appointment. Once the application is made, processing may take a month or more. Usually the office will issue a date to collect the NIE which should be done in person; notification is not made by post or telephone. In some locations (Madrid is one such place), the NIE may be issued immediately
A non-resident needing an NIE number (for example, to purchase a property), may be able to apply through the Spanish Embassy or consulate in their home country. An EU citizen applying for their Registration Certificate will be issued an NIE number at the same time, since the two application processes are combined. Applications for an NIE can be made at a Police station with a foreigner’s department of a National Spanish Police station or by contacting the local Regional Government. Note: New legislation requires that the application should be made in person. The following documents are required: A filled-in application form and two photocopies. The form is the NIE and Certificate number EX-15. (PDF in Spanish). Note: Do not sign the completed application form until in the presence of an official. Receipt for payment of the fee, stamped by the bank. Doing this before the application can save time and an extra visit to the Police station. Identity card or original passport and photocopy. Two passport sized photographs. Proof of current address in Spain.
An NIE number is needed to:
- Open a bank account.
- Buy, sell or insure property.
- Arrange credit terms or a mortgage.
- Pay taxes.
- Be paid for employment.
- Use short-term employment agencies.
- To study.
- Apply for a business permit and start a business.
- Register with social services and arrange receipt of social security benefits.
- Apply for a driver’s license.
- Arrange any utility account except for pre-paid mobile phones.
- Inherit assets.
- NIF: Fiscal Identification Number – Numero de Identificacion Fiscal
- CIF: Fiscal Identification Certificate – Certificado de Identificacion Fiscal
- Bank Account – Cuenta bancaria
- Property – Propeidad
- Mortgage – Hipoteca
- Passport – Pasaporte
- Social Security – Seguridad Social
- Driver’s License – Licencia de conducir
- Registration Certificate – Certificado de registro
- National identity card – Documento nacional de identidad
- Proof of payment – Justificante de pago
- Employee / Employer – Empleado / El Empleador
- Bank Manager – Gerente del banco
- Notary / Notary Office – Notario / La Notaria
- Property title – deeds Escritura